Drapeau Rep tcheque Czech Republic

 
 
 
Carte
  • Acession to the EU: 2004
  • Accession to the Council of Europe: 1993
  • Surface area: 78 866 km2
  • Population: 10,51 Million (2014)
  • Capital city: Prague (1,2 Million inhabitants)
  • Official languages: Czech
  • Listen to Czech
  • Main religion: Catholic
  • Currency: Czech Crown
  • Political system: Republic
  • Head of state: Milos Zeman, president since January 26, 2013
  • Head of government: Bohuslav Sobotka, Prime Minister since January 17, 2014
  • International code: + 420
  • National holiday: October 28
  • The Czech members of the European Parliament
 
 

History

 
La Maison qui Danse, Prague©CzechTourism
The dancing house
 
The kingdom of Bohemia was founded in the 9th century. From 1526 onwards, the Habsburgs acceded to the throne of Bohemia, only relinquishing power in 1918.
 
  • 1977 With opposition in the country having virtually disappeared, the next note of dissidence comes in the form of Charter 77, chiefly signed by Vaclav Havel.
  • 1989 The Velvet Revolution. The fall of the communist regime begins during a students’ demonstration. In late December, Vaclav Havel is elected President of Czechoslovakia by the Parliament.
  • 1993 Czechoslovakia democratically divides itself into two countries: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
  • 1999 The country joins NATO.
  • 2004 The Czech Republic joins the European Union.
  • 2007 President Vaclav Klaus nominated a new government with Mirek Topolanek as the prime minister.
  • 2009 After the non-defiance vote and the demission of Mirek Topolanek, Jan Fischer is declared as temporary Prime minister.
  • 2010 Petr Nečas becomes Prime minister.
 
 

Praha

 
Prague
Praha
©CzechTourism
 
Built along the banks of the river Vltava, this beautiful city with its thousand year-old culture reflects all artistic styles and developments through its fine monuments, like the huge Prague Castle. Built as an archbishop’s palace in the reign of Charles IV (1346-1378), it was at this time that Prague began its expansion. As a center of Christianity and the seat of the kings of Bohemia, the town is home to many monuments symbolising this power. The city's Gothic cathedral, the old royal palace, and the famous Charles Bridge, form an amazing link between the old town and the Malá Strana district. Other Renaissance-style buildings are dotted throughout this town of luxurious palaces, while in the 17th century the baroque period enhanced the royal residences with domes, courtyards, and gardens. Churches and monasteries also bear witness to this period. Prague also stands out for its intense cultural activity. As a home for many artists, the town has resounded to operas by Mozart or concertos from Beethoven. All of these features earned the town 100 spires its place in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The European Union also awarded it the title of European City of Culture in the year 2000.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Vaclav Havel

 
Valclav Havel

Vaclav Havel
©Pajer Alan
 
Vaclav Havel was born in Prague in 1936. The fact that he came from a wealthy family of intellectuals made it impossible for him to continue his secondary education in what was now a communist country. He joined the theatre as a prop man and had his first play, The Garden Party, performed in 1963. The measures taken by the Czechoslovakian government after the Prague Spring obliged him to leave the capital and also led to him becoming more actively involved in the opposition to the communist regime. In 1975, he wrote a letter to President Husak openly criticising his government. In January 1977, he signed Charter 77, an organisation for the defence of human rights, along with several Czechoslovakian dissidents. He was subsequently imprisoned on several occasions. In prison, he wrote his Letters to Olga, his wife. He published three other plays which have been performed internationally. In 1989, Vaclav Havel was catapulted to the forefront of the political scene by the “Citizens’ Forum” which brought together opponents to communist rule. The same year, he was elected as President of Czechoslovakia, and subsequently re-elected following the division of the country into the Czech and Slovak Republics, becoming the first President of the Czech Republic. Re-elected in 1998, he decided not to stand again in 2003. Today, he intends to devote himself once again to his writing.



 
 

Did you know?

 
Charles bridge
Le Pont Charles
Charles bridge
©CzechTourism
 
Following detailed calculations by astrologers, the first stone of Charles Bridge was laid in 1357 on July 9th (the seventh month) at 05:31. All of this precision was aimed at observing the horoscope for the building of the bridge, involving a mathematical series of odd numbers: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 7, 5, 3, 1.
 
 
Otto Wichterle
It was Otto Wichterle, a Czech chemist, who developed the first flexible hydrophilic contact lenses in 1963. Most soft lenses are still produced based on the material discovered by Wichterle.
 
 
 
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European diary


    • 27 march 2017

      World theatre day

    • It was in 1962 that the World Theatre Day was celebrated for the first time. March 27th, 1962 is the date of the opening season of the Théâtre des Nations in Paris

    • 31 march 2017

      European artistic professions days

    • It’s the 11th occasion of European artistic professions days. This year, they are going to be about : « savoir (-) faire du lien ».
    • 6 april 2017

      International Day of Sport for Development and Peace

    • International Day of Sport for Development and Peace is an opportunity to highlight the contribution of sport to the achievement of the Millennium regarding development.


      It also promotes the idea that sports help to ensure peace and development and also the contribution of sports to create a climate of tolerance and understanding.