European Years

Every year, the European Union (EU) chooses a topic for a campaign in order to make the European citizens, as well as the national governments, aware of a specific problem.

The decisions regarding the European Year are taken jointly by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, based on a proposal made by the European Commission. There is no precise legal basis for the European Year and that is why the activities are mainly founded on legal texts dealing with the respective topic of the European Year (Source: Europe Direct Contact Centre).

Since 1983, the EU has chosen a theme of action each year to educate the widest possible audience and to attract the attention of governments of Member States on a particular issue, in order to change attitudes or behaviours. The diverse topics are of general interest to the European institutions and Member States, and they are usually subjects of major concern.

European Years constitute an awareness campaign both at the European and national level. The topics are chosen several years in advance by the European authorities, and the European Commission is responsible for their implementation.

2015 - European Year of Development

On April 2, 2014, the European deputies decided that 2015 will be the "European Year of Development". The main objective is to inform the European citizens as well as national governements about the development cooperation of the EU and its member states. Additionally, it is supposed to encourage the direct involvement, critical thinking and active interest of citizens in development cooperation and to give a better understanding that its importance is not only for the beneficiaries but also for the European citizens.

The motto of the European Year will be "Our world, our dignity, our future", thus underscoring that human aspiration and the right to a life in dignity does not stop at the borders of our continent.

For further information: see the text adopted by the European Parliament

List of European Years since 1983

2013 : Citizens
2012 : Active Aging
2011 : Volunteering
2010 : Combating Poverty and Exclusion
2009 : Creativity and Innovation
2008 : Intercultural Dialogue
2007 : Equal Opportunites for All
2006 : Worker's Mobility
2005 : Citizenship through Education
2004 : Education through Sport
2003 : People with Disabilities
2001 : Languages
1999 : Action to Combat Violence Against Women
1998 : Local and Regional Democracy
1997 : Against Racism and Xenophobia
1996 : Lifelong Learning
1995 : Road Safety and Young Drivers
1994 : Nutrition and Health
1993 : Older People and Safety at Work
1992 : Health and Safety at Work
1990 : Tourism
1989 : Information on Cancer
1988 : Cinema and Television
1987 : Environment
1986 : Road Safety
1985 : Music
1984 : A People's Europe
1983 : SMEs and the Craft Industry
More informations about European years on

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European diary

    • 23 june 2017

      Luxembourg National Day

    • June 23th marks the anniversary of the sovereign of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Originally celebrated on 23 January, the birthday of the Grande-Duchesse Charlotte, June 23 was chosen since 1961 due to climatic conditions which fit with outdoor celebrations.
      On this day, two major events punctuate the celebrations: the Te Deum in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Luxembourg and the taking up of arms, accompanied by a civilian event, organized the Liberty avenue in Luxembourg.
    • 25 june 2017

      Slovenia National Day

    • The National Day commemorates the independence of Slovenia, obtained in 1991.
      The first Slovenes, the Slavic people, settled down in current Slovenia, at the borders of the Italy, Austria and Hungary, during the fourth century.
      Since the eighth century, Slovenia was incorporated into various empires or states. The last one was ex-Yugoslavia from which it would become independent in 1991.
      Its independance was recognized by Germany in December, 1991 and by the international community in January of the following year.

    • 26 june 2017

      International Day in Support of Victims of Torture

    • Torture seeks to annihilate the victim’s personality and denies the inherent dignity of the human being. The United Nations has condemned torture from the outset as one of the vilest acts perpetrated by human beings on their fellow human beings.

      Torture is a crime under international law. According to all relevant instruments, it is absolutely prohibited and cannot be justified under any circumstances. This prohibition forms part of customary international law, which means that it is binding on every member of the international community, regardless of whether a State has ratified international treaties in which torture is expressly prohibited. The systematic or widespread practice of torture constitutes a crime against humanity.

      On 12 December 1997, by resolution 52/149, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 26 June the United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, with a view to the total eradication of torture and the effective functioning of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, (resolution 39/46), annex, which entered into force on 26 June 1987.