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European diary

    • 25 june 2016

      Croatia's National Holiday

    • The Croatian National Holiday occurs June 25th and commemorates the Declaration of Sovereignty and Autonomy and the Constitutional Act of Sovereignty and Autonomy, both ratified on 25 June 1991. This occurred due to the desire of Croatian citizens to emancipate themselves from the Federation of Yugoslavia by virtue of the right to Croatian autodetermination, guaranteed in the the Preambule of the Yugoslavian Constitution. The first free, liberal elections occurred in April 1991 in Croatia.
      Following the expiration of the moratorium on the application of the Declaration and the Act, the Croatian Parliament (le Sabor) proclaimed Croatia's official independence on 8 October 1991.
    • 26 june 2016

      International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

    • The General Assembly recognized that despite continued and increased efforts by the international community, the world drug problem continues to constitute a serious threat to public health, the safety and well-being of humanity, in particular young people, and the national security and sovereignty of States, and that it undermines socio-economic and political stability and sustainable development. It encouraged the Commission and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to continue their work on international drug control and urged all Governments to provide the fullest possible financial and political support to enable UNODC to continue, expand and strengthen its operational and technical cooperation activities, within its mandates.

    • 26 june 2016

      International Day in Support of Victims of Torture

    • Torture seeks to annihilate the victim’s personality and denies the inherent dignity of the human being. The United Nations has condemned torture from the outset as one of the vilest acts perpetrated by human beings on their fellow human beings.

      Torture is a crime under international law. According to all relevant instruments, it is absolutely prohibited and cannot be justified under any circumstances. This prohibition forms part of customary international law, which means that it is binding on every member of the international community, regardless of whether a State has ratified international treaties in which torture is expressly prohibited. The systematic or widespread practice of torture constitutes a crime against humanity.

      On 12 December 1997, by resolution 52/149, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 26 June the United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, with a view to the total eradication of torture and the effective functioning of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, (resolution 39/46), annex, which entered into force on 26 June 1987.