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European diary

    • 24 february 2016

      Estonia National Holiday

    • Like its neighbours, Latvia and Lithuania, Estonia celebrates its independence vis-à-vis Russia in 1918 on its National Holiday.
      In 1940, the Soviet Union's army (the Red Army) invaded the country before being chased out by Nazi Germany's troops who settled there from 1941 to 1944. After 1944 Estonia was again ruled by the Soviets, which drove many Estonians into exile. Estonia regained its independence in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union.

    • 3 march 2016

      Bulgaria National Holiday

    • On Bulgaria's National Holiday, Bulgarians commemorate the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano in 1878. Following the Russo-Turkish war for Bulgaria's liberation, the San Stefano Treaty proclaimed Bulgaria's sovereignty. The 3rd of March is celebrated as the "Day of Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule."
    • 8 march 2016

      International Women's Day

    • Over the years, the Council of Europe's activities to promote the cause of women have taken a number of forms, such as legal measures, mobilising public opinion and training and research.